The American group does represent the U.S. government, which does not have official ties with Taiwan.
The following lawmakers are visiting Taiwan: Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Rep. John Garamendi (D-Calif.), Rep. Don Beyer (D-Va.), Rep. Alan Lowenthal (D-Calif.) and Rep. Amata Coleman Radewagen (R-American Samoa).
The delegation, led by Sen. Ed Markey (D, Mass.) will meet President Tsai Ing-wen to discuss trade opportunities and reducing tensions, the Associated Press reports.
China has yet to formally respond, though their military has been active in the Taiwan Straight since Pelosi’s visit earlier in the month. Taiwan’s defense ministry says 22 Chinese military planes and six naval vessels were observed Sunday.
Before Pelosi’s visit, some Chinese Communist Party voices were calling for the speaker’s plane to be shot down. Her visit was an open secret in the days leading up to it, though she never formally announced she was going.
“I don’t think the president of China should control the schedules of members of Congress,” Pelosi said after her trip.
The source of the tension is China’s belief that Taiwan is its territory. Taiwan’s self-perception is complicated. Ing-wen’s Twitter account identifies her as the “president of the Republic of China (Taiwan).” But it operates as an independent democracy.
In a tweet from Aug. 10, Ing-wen invoked her country’s independence amid Chinese military drills. “Our military is resolved to defend our country, our sovereignty & our democratic way of life,” she wrote.
Taiwan split from China in 1949 after a civil war. When the communists won, the nationalists retreated to Taiwan.
The tension was part of the motivation for Congress to push through a recent bill that provided incentives for companies to build semiconductor manufacturing plants in the U.S. The recently-passed Inflation Reduction Act also provides incentives for car-makers to use American parts in the form of consumer discounts for vehicles that qualify.
The American delegation consists of Markey, Rep. Aumau Amata (R, American Samoa), Rep. John Garamendi (D, Calif.), Alan Lowenthal (D, Calif.) and Rep. Don Beyer (D, Va.)